Channels/E-Bike

This channel is dedicated to everything E-Bike. Here you will find all the latest stories related to E-Bikes, from bike and gear reviews. To How-To videos, ride reports and action from races.

Latest Articles

24pts - 29/11/2021 17:34:09

Supply issues have delayed the bike, but when it's available it will be made of a...

Posted by
Pinkbike
22pts - 29/11/2021 09:00:24

The financial, environmental and supply chain issues surrounding eMTB production....

Posted by
Pinkbike
72pts - 26/11/2021 17:17:09

Valentino Rossi's VR46 brand has branched out from clothing, merch and kids bikes...

Posted by
Pinkbike
62pts - 25/11/2021 17:17:11

Electric bikes are growing quickly in populari...

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Bike Radar
10pts - 23/11/2021 16:17:09

Giant’s newest electric mountain bike, the 202...

Posted by
Bike Radar
8pts - 22/11/2021 09:51:08

Porsche has expanded further into the eMTB market.( Photos: 2 )

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Pinkbike
10pts - 18/11/2021 19:17:09

Did Shimano accidentally leak Evil's eMTB?( Photos: 5, Comments: 10 )

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Pinkbike
6pts - 17/11/2021 20:51:10

Marshall Mullen built the loop just for filming, then deconstructed it as soon as...

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Pinkbike
4pts - 17/11/2021 20:00:26

What's going on in the cycling industry this month?( Photos: 9 )

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Pinkbike
2pts - 15/11/2021 15:34:10

Dyedbro launches dedicated eMTB protection kits to account for the larger frame p...

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Pinkbike

Latest Photos

24 - 29/11/2021 17:34:09

Supply issues have delayed the bike, but when it's available it will be made of aluminum, not steel.( Photos: 9 )

Posted by
Pinkbike
22 - 29/11/2021 09:00:24

The financial, environmental and supply chain issues surrounding eMTB production.( Photos: 10 )

Posted by
Pinkbike
72 - 26/11/2021 17:17:09

Valentino Rossi's VR46 brand has branched out from clothing, merch and kids bikes to release its first eMTB.( Photos: 5, Comments: 4 )

Posted by
Pinkbike
62 - 25/11/2021 17:17:11

Electric bikes are growing quickly in popularity, with riders enjoying the extra assistance provided by the motor for everything from city riding and commuting by bike, to weekend road rides and trail-centre trips. However, electric bikes are subject to different laws and regulations than non-assisted bikes. So what legally constitutes an electric bike, how much assistance can an ebike provide and what are the laws around riding one? We’re here to answer those questions, starting with the laws in the United Kingdom, which are the same as those in the European Union (at the time of writing), before covering the USA and Australia. You can also read our buyer’s guide to choosing the best electric bike and our explainer on how electric bikes work. If you already own an ebike, we’ve got advice on electric bike maintenance, to help you keep your machine in top working order. What is the legal definition of an electric bike? Most electric bikes in the UK fall within the ‘electrically assisted pedal cycle’ (EAPC) category. Russell Burton / Immediate Media We’ll be dealing first with the laws covering electric bikes in the UK, and that starts with defining what constitutes an ebike, or an electrically assisted pedal cycle (EAPC) to give it its technical name. Not all electrically powered two-wheeled vehicles are covered by this category – we’ll cover some other types later. Also, an ebike doesn’t have to have two wheels – the legislation also applies to EAPCs with more than two wheels. What is an EAPC? According to gov.uk, an EAPC must: Have pedals that can be used to propel it Show either the power output or the manufacturer of the motor Show either the battery’s voltage or the maximum speed of the bike Have an electric motor with a maximum power output of 250 watts Not have a motor able to propel the bike when it’s travelling at more than 15.5mph An EAPC must have a motor with a maximum power output of no more than 250 watts. It also requires pedals to propel it. Russell Burton / Immediate Media Let’s cover each of those elements in a little more detail. An EAPC’s motor can only provide assistance when the rider is pedalling. It will have sensors built into the system that recognise when the rider is pushing on the pedals and provide power from the motor in proportion to this, so the bike doesn’t run away with you or power you along without pedalling. By law, assistance from the motor must cut out at 15.5mph (25km/h) – that’s the same across the UK, EU and Australia (but, as we’ll come on to, this limit rises to 20mph in the USA). You can ride an ebike faster than this, but the motor will cut out and you’ll then be riding solely under your own steam. It’s perfectly possible to exceed 15.5mph when travelling downhill, while a fitter rider will be able to exceed this speed on the flat, particularly on a performance-oriented, drop-bar electric road bike. Electric assistance is limited to 15.5mph in the UK, EU and Australia. Bosch eBike Systems The motor’s power output has to be limited to a continuous output of 250 watts, too. Note that there’s a newer category of cargo-carrying ebikes that can be fitted with a more powerful motor, up to 1,000 watts. This L1e-A classification requires the rider to be licensed, and the bike needs to be registered and insured. Power output can be regulated by a throttle on L1e-A bikes. However, the vast majority of electric bikes sold in the UK fall under the EAPC classification, so that’s what we’ll focus on here. What are the regulations when riding an ebike? An EAPC is treated like a regular, non-assisted bike in the UK. Bosch eBike Systems If an ebike falls within the EAPC definition, legally it is treated like a regular, non-assisted bike, although you do have to be at least 14 years old to be allowed to ride an electric bike. You don’t need to register the bike and you don’t need to have insurance (although we’d recommend having insurance that covers theft, personal accident and third-party liability as a minimum – we’ve got a guide to choosing the best bicycle insurance for your needs). You are also not legally required to wear a helmet. In the UK, you are not legally required to wear a helmet when riding an electric bike. Bosch eBike Systems You can ride an ebike anywhere you are permitted to ride a regular bike. That includes on roads, cycle lanes and bridle paths. As with a non-electric bicycle, you’re not allowed to ride on pavements, unless they’re designated for mixed cycle and pedestrian use. You have to obey the Highway Code too, including stop signs and traffic lights. If you’re not confident that you know the rules when riding, it’s worthwhile enrolling in a cycle safety class and getting to grips with the Highway Code. Are the laws different in Northern Ireland? Until mid-2020, by a legislative quirk, electric bikes were treated differently in Northern Ireland than in the rest of the UK. You had to register your ebike, have a licence to use it, carry insurance and wear a motorcycle helmet, so it was treated like a moped. Those rules were changed in May 2020, so the law in Northern Ireland is now in line with the rest of the UK and an ebike that complies with the EAPC regulations above is treated like a non-electric bicycle. Watts and torque While electric bike motors are limited to a continuous peak output of 250 watts, how that power is delivered (i.e. the torque) can differ from one system to another. Motors designed for off-road riding typically offer more torque, and are better-suited to steep, loose climbs. Bosch eBike Systems We’ve already mentioned that the motor must have a continuous peak output of 250 watts for a bike to be classified as an EAPC. Some systems have a boost button on the handlebar that you can hold down to temporarily provide more power than this, which can be useful when accelerating. In all cases, the motor must cut out at 15.5mph, even if you’re holding down the boost button. An ebike motor’s output isn’t measured only in watts – its torque output and assistance levels are also important factors in its performance. Torque is the amount of turning power that the motor delivers to the wheels, determining how fast the ebike will accelerate and how steep a gradient it can tackle. An ebike’s torque output isn’t governed by legislation. Most ebike systems will feature a display to show key data such as the motor’s power setting and battery life, though more advanced units may include GPS, too. Russell Burton / Immediate Media Torque figures vary significantly between electric bike motors, depending on what the system is designed for. Flat-bar electric hybrid bikes and drop-bar road ebikes typically have torque outputs of between 40Nm and 60Nm. For example, Bosch’s Active Line motor has a maximum torque of 40Nm and is designed for urban riding. Electric mountain bikes are usually heavier and need to be able to tackle steep, loose off-road climbs. As a result, they will often have much greater torque outputs, starting at around 60Nm and, in the case of Bosch’s Performance Line CX motor, topping out at 85Nm. What laws apply to non-compliant electric bikes? There are a couple of types of electrically powered bikes that don’t fall within the legal definition of an EAPC. Speed Pedelecs First up are electric bikes where you have to pedal but the motor’s output is more than 250 watts and assistance isn’t speed limited at 25km/h. They’re often called Speed Pedelecs. An example is the range of electric bikes made by Swiss brand Stromer. Its ebike motors have power outputs of between 670 watts and 850 watts, which in turn can power its machines up to 45km/h. Twist-and-go The second category is for ‘twist-and-go’ electric bikes. These are models where motor input is controlled by a twist grip on the handlebar, so you don’t need to pedal to keep the bike moving. It’s worth mentioning that these twist-and-go ‘accelerators’ are different from the controllers often found on the handlebars of compliant EAPCs, which let you choose between assistance levels. In the case of both Speed Pedelecs and twist-and-go bikes, these machines are treated by UK law like petrol-powered mopeds. That means they must be taxed and insured, you must have a licence and you need to wear a motorcycle-style helmet to ride them. Like mopeds, they can only be ridden on roads or unrestricted byways. What are the laws on electric bikes in the USA? Electric bike laws differ from state to state in the USA, so check your local regulations. Russell Burton / Immediate Media In the United States, federal law (the Consumer Product Safety Act, to be specific) defines a “low-speed electric bicycle” as a two- or three-wheeled vehicle, with a maximum motor output of 750 watts and assistance limited to 20mph. An ebike that complies with these regulations is treated by federal law in the same way as a non-electric bicycle. However, there are significant differences at state level as to how electric bikes are classified and, subsequently, how they may be used. That may include regulations on requiring a licence, wearing a helmet and insurance. There are also differences at state level in the minimum legal age to ride an ebike, maximum speed and maximum power output. In short, check the legislation in the state where you plan to ride. Many states also follow a tiered system, whereby electric bikes are defined by three classes. The 750-watt motor limit and 20mph assistance limit we’ve outlined above apply broadly to Class 1 ebikes, but Class 2 or 3 ebikes may provide assistance up to higher speeds or use a twist-and-go system. Once again, different laws may apply from one state to another, so check your local legislation.

Posted by
Bike Radar
10 - 23/11/2021 16:17:09

Giant’s newest electric mountain bike, the 2022 Trance X Advanced E+, gets updated geometry and a new Yamaha SyncDrive motor. The new geo figures take inspiration from the Trance X Advanced E+’s burlier stablemate, the updated 2022 Giant Reign E+ that we claimed could be one of the best electric mountain bikes to date, with longer, slacker and lower geometry. The new Trance X Advanced E+ looks like a significant leap forward for Giant’s electric trail bike. Giant Bicycles Travel remains the same as on the outgoing Trance X Advanced E+, with 140mm of Maestro rear suspension. There’s 150mm at the fork and it still rolls on 29in wheels front and rear, but now has a 625Wh battery pack. The Yamaha-made SyncDrive Pro Motor for the 2022 bike has been made lighter and more compact, while getting more torque, and is claimed to make less noise. Prices start at £5,999 / $6,800 for the Trance X E+ 2 Advanced and rise to £7,999 / $9,300 / AU$12,799 for the range-topping Trance X Advanced E+ 0. 2022 Giant Trance X Advanced E+ frame and suspension details The brand’s Maestro suspension is critically acclaimed. Giant Bicycles Giant says its latest Trance X Advanced E+ has been built from a high-performance grade raw carbon material with an impressive stiffness-to-weight ratio. To achieve the desired performance balance, the front triangle is said to be layered up and moulded as one single section of carbon in a process called Modified Monocoque Construction. The rear end is also made from carbon fibre, as is the Maestro suspension upper-rocker link. The Maestro suspension – as used on most of Giant’s full-suspension bikes, and the Trance X Advanced E+ – has 140mm of travel. It has two co-rotating links to give virtual pivot placement that creates “the most active, efficient and independent suspension system on the trail,” according to Giant. Further reading: The ultimate guide to mountain bike rear-suspension systems The suspension system is similar in theory and practice to other twin-link systems on the market, including Dave Weagle’s DW-Link, Santa Cruz’s VPP and Intense’s JS Tuned system. Pivot placement enables the brand to tune attributes such as anti-squat, progression, leverage rate and anti-rise. In the case of the new Trance X Advanced E+, Giant doesn’t divulge any details on the system’s specific kinematics, however. 2022 Giant Trance X Advanced E+ motor, control and battery details The new Trance X Advanced E+’s Yamaha SyncDrive motor is claimed to be lighter than the outgoing model. Giant Bicycles At the heart of the new bike is Yamaha’s SyncDrive Pro motor that now delivers up to 85Nm of torque – an increase from 80Nm – and weighs 2.7kg, lighter than the outgoing version. Visibly, the motor is more compact than the older version, and Giant claims it has reduced noise levels. The motor is paired with a 625Wh battery pack, but it’s also compatible with Giant’s EnergyPak Plus, a 250Wh range-extender external battery. The bike is coupled with a new handlebar remote that has three buttons, called RideControl Ergo 3, that can be mounted on either the left- or right-hand side of the bars, and can be paired with a second remote with user-programmable controls in the RideControl smartphone app. Giant’s latest RideControl system includes a new bar remote and top-tube controller. Giant Bicycles The app connects to the bike wirelessly and permits the connected smartphone to function as a live ride data display, and can perform system updates. The main on/off button – called RideControl Go – is integrated into the bike’s top tube and can also be used to change the assistance levels. 2022 Giant Trance X Advanced E+ geometry The geometry has been given a longer, lower, slacker treatment. Giant Bicycles The 2022 Giant Trance X Advanced E+ geometry has been given a welcome longer, lower and slacker makeover. Its geometry is also adjustable between a high and low position, thanks to a flip chip located in the lower shock mount. This changes bottom bracket height­­, head tube angle and seat tube angle. Headline figures include a 65.8-degree head angle, a 76-degree seat tube angle and reach numbers that span from 439mm for the size small up to 517mm for the extra-large bike. 2022 Giant Trance X Advnced E+ geometry chart SizeSmallMediumLargeExtra-largeSeat tube length (mm) low/high400/400425/425450/450475/475 Seat tube angle (degrees) low/high77.2/7876/76.776/76.776/76.7 Top tube length (mm) low/high577/575607/605637/635667/665 Head angle (degrees) low/high65.7/66.565.8/66.565.8/66.565.8/66.5 Wheelbase (mm) low/high1220/12211239/12371268/12691300/1301 Chainstay length (mm) low/high473473473473 Stack (mm) low/high606/601611/605621/614630/624 Reach (mm) low/high439/447457/462482/489510/517 While the figures aren’t as extreme as some bikes on the market, they do represent a significant leap forwards for Giant’s trail-oriented electric mountain bike, and we suspect they’ll open up a world of performance potential for Trance X Advanced E+ riders. 2022 Giant Trance X Advanced E+ models, specifications and prices Headlining the range is the 2022 Giant Trance X Advanced E+ 0, decked out with Fox’s Live Valve 36 fork and Float X Factory shock, and Shimano’s XT M8100 drivetrain and brakes, which costs £7,999 / $9,300 / AU$12,799. Although it’s a 140mm travel trail bike, the new Trance ebike has a 150mm travel Fox 36 fork. Giant Bicycles Is Fox’s Live Valve pointless on an electric mountain bike? While adding Fox’s Live Valve to any bike is a tech lover’s dream come true, the exact benefits of an electric mountain bike’s suspension locking itself out to improve pedalling efficiency are a little lost on me. The need for a super-efficient suspension platform is mitigated by the addition of a motor with 85Nm of torque. Why, exactly, further steps need to be taken isn’t quite clear. That said, Fox’s Live Valve works well, as technical editor-in-chief Rob Weaver found out on the standard-powered Giant Trance X Advanced Pro 29 0, so it shouldn’t hinder performance, even if the enhancements are marginal. What alternatives are there to the 2022 Giant Trance X Advanced E+ electric mountain bike? With 140mm of rear-wheel travel, the Trance X Advanced E+ is at the lower end of the ebike travel spectrum. S-Works models are Specialized’s top-of-the-line versions of their bikes. Ian Linton / Immediate Media The closest we’ve recently tested is the 2022 Specialized Turbo Levo, with 150mm of squish, but it’s fitted with a Fox 38, instead of the Fox 36 on the Trance. Geometry figures also don’t match up perfectly, and arguably – despite the Turbo Levo being described as a trail bike – it packs a heftier punch than the Trance X E+. Canyon’s Spectral:ON CF is close on geometry figures and travel, but has slightly more squish at 150mm. The Canyon Spectral:ON CF is a good performer. Ian Linton / Immediate Media Don’t get hung up on travel figures though – the Trance X E+ looks as though it should be up there with the best of the current crop of trail electric mountain bikes. Giant Trance X Advanced E+ 0 2022 Giant Trance X Advanced E+ 0. Giant Bicycles Frame: Advanced-grade composite frame, 140mm Maestro suspension Fork: Fox 36 Factory Live Valve, 150mm travel Shock: Fox Float X Factory Live Valve Motor: Yamaha SyncDrive Pro, 85Nm Battery: EnergyPak Smart 625Wh Drivetrain: Shimano XT M8100 12-speed Finishing kit: Giant Contact SL Wheels/tyres: Giant e-TRX/Maxxis Assegai EXO 3C MaxxTerra 29×2.6in (f), Maxxis Dissector EXO+ 3C 29×2.6in (r) Price: £7,999 / $9,300 / AU$12,799 Giant Trance X Advanced E+ 1 2022 Giant Trance X Advanced E+ 1. Giant Bicycles Frame: Advanced-grade composite frame, 140mm Maestro suspension Fork: Fox 36 Factory Live Valve, 150mm travel Shock: Fox Float X Live Valve Motor: Yamaha SyncDrive Pro, 85Nm Battery: EnergyPak Smart 625Wh Drivetrain: Shimano XT M8100 12-speed Finishing kit: Giant Contact Wheels/tyres: Giant AM/Maxxis Assegai EXO 3C MaxxTerra 29×2.6in (f), Maxxis Dissector EXO+ 3C 29×2.6in (r) Price: £6,999 / AU$10,799 Giant Trance X Advanced E+ 2 2022 Giant Trance X Advanced E+ 2. Giant Bicycles Frame: Advanced-grade composite frame, 140mm Maestro suspension Fork: Fox 36 Performance, 150mm travel Shock: Fox DPS Performance Motor: Yamaha SyncDrive Pro, 85Nm Battery: EnergyPak Smart 625Wh Drivetrain: Shimano XT M8100 12-speed Finishing kit: Giant Contact Wheels/tyres: Giant AM/Maxxis Assegai EXO 3C MaxxTerra 29×2.6in (f), Maxxis Dissector EXO+ 3C 29×2.6in (r) Price: £5,999 / $6,800

Posted by
Bike Radar
8 - 22/11/2021 09:51:08

Porsche has expanded further into the eMTB market.( Photos: 2 )

Posted by
Pinkbike
10 - 18/11/2021 19:17:09

Did Shimano accidentally leak Evil's eMTB?( Photos: 5, Comments: 10 )

Posted by
Pinkbike
6 - 17/11/2021 20:51:10

Marshall Mullen built the loop just for filming, then deconstructed it as soon as he was done.( Photos: 9 )

Posted by
Pinkbike
4 - 17/11/2021 20:00:26

What's going on in the cycling industry this month?( Photos: 9 )

Posted by
Pinkbike
2 - 15/11/2021 15:34:10

Dyedbro launches dedicated eMTB protection kits to account for the larger frame profiles.( Photos: 1 )

Posted by
Pinkbike